The thyroid controls metabolism and has a major influence on every bodily function.
Dr Girardi is a specialist surgeon focused on the treatment of patients with thyroid and parathyroid problems. He has performed over 1000 endocrine procedures and has been practicing this for 12 years.
The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland which lies low in the front of your neck. It has two side lobes connected by a bridge (isthmus) in the middle. When your thyroid is normal you cannot feel it. The thyroid secretes several hormones. The main hormone is thyroxine, also called T4. These hormones act throughout the body, influencing metabolism, growth and development, and body temperature. During infancy and childhood, adequate thyroid hormone is crucial for brain development.
In 2010, there were 2,081 new cases of thyroid cancer in Australia (523 new cases in men and 1,558 new cases in women), accounting for 1.8 per cent of all new cancers.
In 2020, an estimated over 3,500 Australians are expected to be diagnosed with thyroid cancer.
Thyroid Cancer is more common in women.
Relative survival rates for thyroid cancer have increased in recent years in Australia; five-year relative survival increased from around 80 per cent to over 95 per cent.
Thyroid nodules are growths within the thyroid caused by abnormal thyroid tissue. These nodules are generally benign however a small percentage will be cancer. Blood tests, fine needle biopsies and ultrasound are usually performed to evaluate thyroid nodules.
Thyroid nodules requiring surgery include;
There are 4 main types of thyroid cancer:
Differentiated thyroid cancer - Micro and macro
Differentiated thyroid cancer
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome MEN 1 & MEN 2
The whole thyroid gland, or part of the gland (hemi or subtotal) can be removed to treat nodules and tumours during surgery. Surgery that Dr Girardi offers to treat a range of thyroid problems includes; total thyroidectomy, hemithyroidectomy and minimally invasive approaches. Risks associated with these procedures are low with a complication rate of less than 1%.